Make the most of craftsmanship spirit to build Chi

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Build Chinese brands with "craftsman spirit" and let the world fall in love with made in China

"the soul of quality lies in craftsmanship. We should vigorously carry forward the craftsman spirit, plant craftsman culture, adhere to professional ethics, advocate excellence, cultivate many 'Chinese craftsmen', create more world-renowned 'Chinese brands', and promote China's economic development into the era of quality." On March 5, Premier Li Keqiang made such a request in the government work report

"if your heart is in one skill, your skill must be done; if your heart is in one position, your position must be promoted." Craftsman spirit is our fine tradition. How to inherit and carry forward this tradition? How to strengthen the craftsman team, and then build Chinese brands, so that the world falls in love with made in China? At the two sessions, representatives and members exchanged ideas

look at the surface - there are few people and impatient, and there are many problems

"in recent years, many people are keen on overseas shopping. The phenomenon of buying toilet lids and rice cookers in Japan reflects from the side that people abroad lack confidence in 'made in China', and Chinese products cannot meet the needs of consumption upgrading. We do not lack products, but we lack good products; we do not lack manufacturing, but we lack good manufacturing." On March 7, the media open day of the Henan delegation, in the face of hundreds of people present, Jing Zhu, a deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Haima group, made a clear speech with a clear theme

"Chinese people rush to buy goods abroad, which is the most direct and realistic embodiment of our craftsman spirit." As for the problems reflected by Jing Zhu, the analysis of sun Baoshu, a deputy to the National People's Congress and vice chairman of the Legal Committee of the National People's Congress, goes straight to the deepest level

The lack of craftsmanship also worries Yang Yuxue, member of the CPPCC National Committee and former party secretary of the China Family Planning Association. "Now enterprises are a little impetuous in the cultivation and use of skilled talents, and some technicians working in grassroots technical posts are not very reassured." He told me

the lack of "ingenuity" is reflected in specific products. Naturally, the quality is not very good

"you see, the thread of such a pen is so rough that it must not be done according to the specifications and drawings, which has become a bad habit. Habit is a kind of culture. Quality problems like this can be seen everywhere in daily life." On March 7, at the group discussion of the Shanghai Delegation, Xu Xiaoping, a deputy to the National People's Congress and senior manager of the maintenance department of the engine plant of Shanghai Volkswagen Co., Ltd., picked up a pen in front of him and "talked about it"

in reality, the problem of the technician team is not just the lack of "ingenuity"

statistics show that by the end of 2015, the total number of skilled workers in the country was 165million, accounting for only 20% of the employed, and the total number of highly skilled talents was 45.01 million, accounting for only 27.3% of the skilled workers. The number and quality of talents are difficult to meet the needs of economic and social development, especially the requirements for skilled, one specialty and multi-functional compound skilled talents urgently needed by the development of emerging industries in the "industry 4.0" era

the less "spectacular" team also has the phenomena of personnel loss and the disconnection between theory and practice. "The students trained in technical schools are not suitable for actual production, and their hands-on ability is not strong." In front of him, Cao Yong, a deputy to the National People's Congress and the director of inventory development of the downstream rolling mill of Suzhou dongnanjia new materials Co., Ltd., said frankly

similar voices are not uncommon in the inventory of the two sessions

-- Wang Bo, deputy to the National People's Congress and deputy chief designer of Harbin Electric Machinery Factory Co., Ltd., disclosed that some vocational colleges lack training places, and there are difficulties in the lack of "double qualified" teachers and full-time personnel for ideological and political work

-- Zhou Hanmin, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and vice chairman of the Central Committee of the China Democratic National Construction Association, said that although China's vocational education is huge, its body is aging, slow in response and slow in action

-- Zhang Xiaoqing, a deputy to the National People's Congress and an employee of Shanhe Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd., said that it was more difficult to recruit a skilled digital machine tool worker than a graduate student

find the reason - the atmosphere and system are related.

analyze the root cause of the lack of "ingenuity". Yang Yuxue believes that "impetuosity" is an important aspect. In his view, the phenomenon of profit seeking in today's society is serious, and enterprises generally pursue the immediate benefits brought by "short, flat and fast". Opportunism, eager for quick success and instant benefits and other phenomena are common, and the phenomenon of "bad money expelling good money" is obvious. "Such an impetuous society will naturally erode and dissolve the craftsman spirit of pursuing excellence and perfection." He said

Cao Yong is also aware of this. His long-term experience as a front-line technician has enabled him to have a deep understanding of the operation of the enterprise and the status of the technician team. "Enterprises generally pay more attention to the front-end designers and researchers, but pay less attention to the technicians of specific operations, which naturally will not give technicians a higher income and status. Technicians are difficult to get satisfactory returns and development space, their work is naturally difficult to concentrate, and personnel turnover is common."

in the view of Zhang Xiangan, deputy to the National People's Congress and mayor of Chuzhou City, Anhui Province, the imperfection of relevant policies and regulations is an important source of "bad use" of technical school students. He told that so far, the vocational education law has no corresponding subordinate law, and the economic field is lack of supporting systems to support the integration of industry and education, while the provisions on school enterprise cooperation in the education law and the labor law are mostly general provisions. "In this way, the guarantee measures for school enterprise cooperation are not perfect, and the cooperation operation mechanism is not perfect. The specific performance is the imbalance between the" hot shaving and hot picking "of school fever and enterprise coldness, which makes most of the school enterprise cooperation still stay in the shallow cooperation of student internship, school sending and enterprise employment."

"in my opinion, this situation is also related to the evaluation mechanism of teachers in technical colleges." Cao Yong added. He told that technical colleges generally have three requirements for teachers: teaching, scientific research and thesis writing. "If a teacher can't write a thesis, he can't evaluate the professional title. If he can't apply for a project, his income may be much worse. Therefore, for teachers, teaching is the farthest from their own interests in the three jobs. But teaching is the most critical factor that determines the quality of students."

in the interview, it was found that some factors outside the employing units and training institutions also limited the cultivation of craftsman spirit and the development of skilled workers

"for example, the current labor and personnel system still takes academic qualifications as the main standard for employment and talent selection, and the implementation of employment access system and vocational qualification certificate system is also weak." Huang Daifang, a deputy to the National People's Congress, vice president of the Chinese folk chamber of Commerce and chairman of Taihao Group Co., Ltd., said with examples

Sheng Mingfu, member of the CPPCC National Committee and former chairman of the national agriculture, forestry and water conservancy trade union, also found something. He told that at present, there is an information asymmetry between the supply and demand of skilled talents. "We don't know the specific demand of various industries for skilled talents, so the trained skilled talents don't match the actual needs." Sheng Mingfu said, "at the same time, the unscientific skill certification system is also a fetter that restricts the cultivation of skilled talents. Some people have a strong level of operation, but because they do not have the corresponding qualification certificates, they cannot get the corresponding positions and benefits, so they have to fall behind or leave."

find a way - fairness and treatment are indispensable

to create "ingenuity", Li ShouZhen, member of the CPPCC National Committee, member of the Party group of the all China Federation of trade unions and director of the Economic Examination Commission, prescribed a prescription to strengthen publicity. "We should further carry forward the core socialist values, and make the spirit of model workers, the spirit of labor, and the spirit of craftsman the main theme of the times. We should effectively unblock the development channel of industrial workers, call for the brand of 'great country craftsman', so that the whole society can truly feel the glory of being a skilled worker, and then guide social cognition, social behavior, and social atmosphere, change the traditional thought of 'learning is an official', and cultivate a culture of respecting labor and technology Soil. " On March 9, Li ShouZhen said at the fifth meeting of the 12th National Committee of the CPPCC

in Li ShouZhen's view, only spiritual encouragement is not enough. "We should strengthen the main body of the government, strengthen the financial investment in vocational skills education... Formulate and implement incentive policies for enterprise vocational education, and guide enterprises to formulate and implement the training plan for skilled workers of the enterprise according to the industry development plan and the needs of enterprise technological innovation."

Yang Yuxue has the same understanding of the importance of "money". "I suggest setting up a fund in all walks of life to reward skilled talents who keep improving in technology and making continuous progress in research." He told me

"it is suggested that our education system, the standards for selecting and employing people in enterprises, the evaluation mechanism of skill assessment, the qualification evaluation of job promotion, and the salary distribution methods should take into account as much as possible the elements of skills, especially the remuneration should be inclined to the group of skilled workers, so as to change the tendency of thousands of troops to cross the single log bridge of the college entrance examination." Li Shiming, member of the CPPCC National Committee and former vice chairman of the all China Federation of trade unions, said. He also suggested that we should formulate policies and measures to encourage skilled personnel officers to start businesses, improve the security mechanism for skilled personnel to grow and become talents, effectively improve their social status and treatment, and build a platform for them to grow and become talents without polluting the environment, so as to stimulate their enthusiasm for work; At the same time, we should thoroughly implement the strategy of giving priority to the development of talents, strengthen the training of skilled talents, and vigorously cultivate flexible cords that support made in China and created in China. Please do not place the floor or wet the central skilled talent team

Zhao Yu, a deputy to the National People's Congress and chief technician of the auto assembler of Beijing Benz Automobile Co., Ltd., believes that revising the vocational education law is a path that can be considered to change the lack of enthusiasm of enterprises to participate in school enterprise cooperation and the disconnection between theory and practice. "We should establish an incentive mechanism for enterprises to participate in school enterprise cooperation through legislation, so as to mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises."

as for the specific forms of school enterprise cooperation, Zhao Yu believes that it is feasible to run schools by order, from order to school, from order to person, or the joint school running method in which enterprises directly build factories and workshops on campus. "In addition, when setting majors or courses, technical schools can also invite experts in the industry to participate in it, so that the courses. On the other hand, China's rapid industrial development in recent years, the setting is compatible with the market and forward-looking. In the teaching link, we should adhere to the student-centered, ability oriented, the combination of professional theory and skill training, and cultivate students' skilled operating skills."

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