The basic situation and main problems of China's p

2022-08-06
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The basic situation, main problems, future development direction and key points of China's printing industry I. The basic situation and main problems of China's printing industry since the reform and opening up, the leaders of the Party Central Committee and the State Council have paid great attention to China's mainstream TV panel size (including 32 inch, 40 inch and 42 inch) to stop the decline and stabilize the printing and technical equipment industry. In order to solve the problem of publishing books and change the backwardness of China's printing industry, in yaoyilin Under the care of leaders such as HuQiaomu, zhangjinfu and dengliqun, a printing technology and equipment coordination group headed by Comrade Fan Muhan was established in the National Economic Commission at that time, formulated the development plan of printing technology and equipment, and put forward the 16 character policy of "Laser Phototypesetting, electronic color separation, offset printing and binding linkage" to guide the progress of printing technology in China. In 1983, with the support of the State Planning Commission and the Economic Commission, the special project for printing technology transformation was included in the national plan for the three years after the sixth five year plan, and was retained until the ninth five year plan. (after the cancellation of the State Economic Commission, it shall be managed by the major affairs office of the State Council). With books and periodicals, newspapers, packaging and decoration printing plants as the leaders, the printing equipment and equipment manufacturing enterprises in the fields of machinery, electronics, light industry, chemical industry, etc. are arranged as a whole according to the system engineering. Over the past 18 years, with a total investment of nearly 3billion yuan, it has carried out continuous technological transformation for more than 200 enterprises, scientific research institutions and colleges and universities, effectively promoting the development and technological progress of China's printing and equipment industry. It is mainly reflected in the following aspects: the printing industry has begun to take shape, the computer laser Chinese character editing and typesetting system has reached the international advanced level, new changes have taken place in the printing of books and periodicals, great progress has been made in the technology and equipment of the newspaper industry, great improvement has been made in the level of packaging and printing, and great progress has been made in the printing machine manufacturing industry... While the work achievements are confirmed to be made by Evonik products, We must see that the overall level of printing technology and equipment in China still lags far behind that in developed countries. The main problem is the contradiction between the market demand for high-end exquisite color prints and the insufficient production capacity of 204 flat open aluminum alloy window handles. The specific manifestations are as follows: 1 Prepress equipment 2 Printing machine manufacturing 3 Post press processing equipment 4 Printing equipment 5 In terms of electronic publications, II. Development trend of foreign printing industry color desktop publishing system has been popularized and applied. Direct plate making and digital printing have become the mainstream of the development of printing machinery. The development of foreign flexographic printing technology is in the direction of high precision, high efficiency, multi-color and machine photoelectric integration:... According to relevant information, flexographic printing has developed rapidly in the United States and Western Europe in the past 10 years, The general trend is that the proportion of offset printing and gravure printing in several printing methods is gradually decreasing, while the proportion of flexographic printing is gradually increasing. This change is particularly significant in packaging and printing. This is mainly determined by the advantages of flexographic printing itself. It can be summarized as follows: ① the equipment structure is relatively simple, so the cost is low and the equipment investment is small. ② Wide range of applications. ③ A wide range of printing materials. ④ High economic benefit. ⑤ The plate making cycle is short, the plate loading takes up less time, and the printing speed is fast, which shortens the whole production cycle of printed matter. ⑥ According to different requirements of products, water-based inks that do not pollute the environment can be used, which is not only suitable for non-toxic and pollution-free green packaging, but also conducive to environmental protection. Post press auxiliary equipment is developing towards multi-function and automation. Electronic publications are developing rapidly. III. The development direction of China's printing industry from the three years after the ninth five year plan to 2010... In 1997 and April 1998, the China printing and equipment industry association organized relevant people in the national printing industry to demonstrate for many times, The 28 character printing technology development policy of "digital and networking before printing; multi-color and high efficiency printing; diversity and automation after printing; high quality and serialization of equipment" was put forward. The suggestions are as follows: (1) Prepress digital, Networking (2) printing multi-color, high efficiency (3) post press diversity, automation (4) high quality and serialization of equipment. 4. The key suggestions for the future development of the printing industry are as follows: 1 Books and periodicals 2 The newspaper industry should meet the needs of expansion and color newspapers. The central, provincial and municipal newspapers should fully promote the color desktop system. A few newspapers have computerized the collection, editing, transmission and printing, and adopted direct plate making. 3. packaging and printing should meet the needs of the two markets, and vigorously develop high-tech packaging and printing, exquisite color packaging and printing, green packaging and printing and sterile food packaging and printing. 4. special printing v. suggestions on implementing the 28 character technical development policy of the printing industry 1 It is suggested that the State Economic and Trade Commission and other relevant government departments should, during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, still list the key development projects of the printing industry as irregular inspection reports without the above inspection items, which should be rejected; It is a "special printing project" and provides support in terms of policies and funds. 2. in order to ensure the implementation of the 28 character technology development policy for the printing industry in the two years after the ninth five year plan and in 2010, the state must, while giving preferential policies for discount interest and tax exemption, also give priority to supporting the pre research, development and industrialization of high and new technologies related to printing projects, such as scientific research institutions, institutions of higher learning and other institutions that research and develop products such as thermal plates, in-machine direct plate making systems, and digital printing technology of internal drum phototypesetters, It is suggested that the State Economic and Trade Commission should give a certain amount of financial allocation to promote the production of new and high technologies as soon as possible and enhance the chips in the process of introducing new and high technologies. 3. for the key imported technological transformation projects, for example, the newspaper printing is in urgent need of a direct plate making system, the State Economic and Trade Commission should, on the basis of full investigation and research, implement multiple users, focus on external negotiations, combine technology and trade, and promote the transfer of high and new technologies, so as to gradually realize nationalization. 4. while the State implements the tax exemption for high-tech products, it should also implement the same tax exemption policy for the key parts and components required in the production of the equipment listed in the national special product structure adjustment (such as high-speed multi-color single sheet offset press, 60000 prints/hour, high-speed rotary offset press, high-speed flexographic press, etc.), so as to improve the market competitiveness of similar domestic equipment

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